Common Gynecologic Symptoms
Depending on your condition, you may experience one or more of the following symptoms1:
Pain can be described in many ways. It is often measured with a simple 0-10 scale where 0 equals no pain and 10 is the worst pain you can imagine. Describing your pain can help your doctor pinpoint the condition. Each of the following may indicate a different condition:
- Pelvic discomfort
- Pelvic pressure
- Abdominal tenderness
- Abdominal cramps
- Back ache
- Back pain
- Painful urination and/or bowel movements
- Pain during intercourse
Monthly periods are different for each woman. Menstrual bleeding can also be different before and after childbirth, with age, and with any medications you regularly take. The following are examples of bleeding patterns that are linked to specific gynecologic conditions:
- Very heavy or abnormal bleeding
- Bleeding longer than 7 days
- Periods lasting longer than 21 days
- Periods more than 35 days apart
- Spotting/bleeding between periods
- Spotting/bleeding after menopause
- Passing blood clots
- Bleeding after intercourse
- Vaginal discharge tinged with blood
Besides pain or irregular bleeding, there are other symptoms many women have that are linked to certain gynecologic conditions.
- Difficulty urinating or having bowel movements
- Infertility (cannot get pregnant/miscarriages)
- Feeling of pressure on your bladder or rectum
- Slipping or dropping of your vagina or uterus
- Feeling heaviness or pressure in your pelvis
- Constant abdominal pressure
- Swelling or bloating
- Urgent need to urinate
- Recurrent urinary tract infections
- Pain while standing or walking
Talk to Your Doctor
See your doctor if you are bothered by your symptoms. They may go away on their own or need treatment. Some gynecologic conditions can be eased with lifestyle changes or medicine, and others may require surgery.
You can learn more about each condition on this site. However, this information is not a substitute for your doctor's advice. Communicating your symptoms with your doctor will help him/her to make an accurate diagnosis and provide you with the right treatment for your condition.
- WomensHealth.gov. “Reproductive Health.”Available from: http://www.womenshealth.gov/publications/our-publications/the-healthy-woman/reproductive_health.pdf
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